Police Science is an interdisciplinary field of research that is currently being developed at both national and international levels. New professional areas and research-based training courses are appearing all the time. Critical and constructive research at The Norwegian Police University College (PHS) is to contribute to making police work more knowledge-based and to developing police science as a discipline closely linked to practice.
Police Science can be defined as following: «Police Science is the scientific study of the police as an institution and of policing as a process. As an applied discipline it combines methods and subjects of other neighboring disciplines within the field of policing. It includes all of what the police do and all aspects from outside than have an impact on policing and public order» (Jaschke et al. 2007). Police research also contributes knowledge to central authorities and to society in general.
PHS has four focus areas for research:
- The police service as a societal institution
- The organisation, culture and behaviour of the police service
- Police strategy, practice and methods
- The challenges facing the police