Disse prosjektene er finansiert av andre eksterne samarbeidspartnere.
Etnisk minoritetsungdoms opplevelser av politiet / Experiences of policing among ethnic minority youth in the Nordic countries)
Randi Solhjell & Gunnar Thomassen
Prosjektet er finansiert av Nordisk Samarbeidsråd for Kriminologi (NsFK) og PHS, og er et samarbeid mellom Danmark, Finland, Sverige og Norge. Det er et kvalitativt studie om minoritetsungdoms møter og erfaringer med nordisk politi. Resultatet av studien blir utgitt i fire internasjonale tidsskriftartikler i 2018. I tillegg er resultatene kommunisert og formidlet nasjonalt i 2017. Prosjektet avsluttes april 2018.
Solhjell, R. (2017, april). Etnisk minoritetsungdom og deres erfaring med politiet. Presentasjon av forskningsfunn for bydel Grorud, Oslo.
Solhjell, R. (2017, desember). Oppfattelse av politiet og politiets arbeid blant minoritetsungdom i Norden. Ungdom, rus og ekstremisme, Bærum og Asker kommune.
The research collaboration MARPART
Bjørn Barland & Tor-Geir Myhrer
The key purpose of this project is to assess the risk of the increased maritime activity in the High North and the challenges this increase may represent for the preparedness institutions in this region.
The project focus is on cross-institutional and cross-country partnerships between preparedness institutions and companies. The project elaborates on the operational crisis management of joint emergency operations, including various parts of the preparedness system and resources from several countries.
This international research collaboration is lead from Nord University and includes the following institutions:
- High North Center at Bodø Graduate School of Business, Nord University (Norway)
- FFI – The Norwegian Defense Research Establishment (Norway)
- PHS – The Norwegian Police University College (Norway)
- UIT – The Arctic University of Norway (Norway)
- UNIS – University Center in Svalbard (Norway)
- University of Greenland (Greenland)
- UI – University of Iceland (Iceland)
- NArFU – Northern (Arctic) Federal University (Russia)
- MSTU – Murmansk State Technical University (Russia)
MARPART was completed in 2017. The collaboration was funded by Nord University.
Publications and presentations 2017:
Hoel, L. & Barland, B. (2017). Major changes sneak up on you, silently, as if on cat’s paws: Evaluation of the Staff and Leadership Development Programme at the Norwegian Police University College (PHS) (PHS Forskning 2017: 4). Oslo: Politihøgskolen.
Myhrer, T.-G. (2017, august). Policing the Arctic Ocean: Possibilities and responsibilities. Presentasjon på The 24th Nordic Academy of Management Conference, Trac 7: Emergency management, Nord Universitet, Bodø.
Barland, B. (2017, August). Training and education of the Norwegian Police Incident Management Staff. Presentasjon på The 24th Nordic Academy of Management Conference, Trac 7: Emergency management, Nord University, Bodø.
Barland, B. & Hoel, L. (2017, august). Training and education of the Norwegian Police Incident Management Staff. Presentasjon på The 7th MARPART Conference, Nuuk, Grønland.
Mapping the efficacy of human intelligence gathering techniques
Pär Anders Granhag (Göteborgs universitet / professor II, PHS) & Marthe Lefsaker Sakrisvold
Today there is vast research on how to interview witnesses and suspects, and how to interview to detect deception. However, research on how to most effectively elicit human intelligence (HUMINT) is almost non-existent. The present project sets off to test the comparative effectiveness of different HUMINT gathering techniques, with a particular focus on the so-called Scharff technique. A further aim is to suggest a novel set of measures to be used for assessing the efficacy of HUMINT gathering techniques. The project is funded by the FBI unit High-Value Detainee Interrogation Group (HIG).
Oleszkiewicz, S., Granhag, P. A. & Kleinman, S. M. (2017). Eliciting information from human sources: Training handlers in the Scharff technique. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 22(2), 400-419.
Oleszkiewicz, S., Granhag, P. A. & Kleinman, S. M. (2017). Gathering human intelligence via repeated interviewing: Further empirical tests of the Scharff technique. Psychology, Crime and Law, 23(7), 666-681.
The Strategic Use of Evidence (SUE) technique and how to elicit admission from (guilty) suspects
Pär Anders Granhag (Göteborgs universitet / professor II, PHS)
Research on interviewing suspects has by tradition focused on false confessions, interview tactics that should be avoided, and factors that may put the innocent at risk. While such research is of utmost importance, it should be complemented by research that deals with how to obtain true confessions and admissions from guilty suspects. The current project draws on knowledge on suspects’ counter-interrogation tactics and how these can be affected by interviewing in a strategic (yet ethically sound) manner. A part of this project is supported by the Erasmus Mundus Joint Doctoral program The House of Legal Psychology.
May, L., Granhag, P. A. & Tekin, S. (2017). Interviewing suspects in denial: On how different evidence disclosure modes affect the elicitation of new critical information. Frontiers in Psychology, 8. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01154
Who does not become a terrorist, and why?
Tore Bjørgo (C-REX / professor II, PHS) & Ingvild Magnæs Gjelsvik (PHS & C-REX)
Tore Bjørgo and Ingvild M. Gjelsvik are partners in the large international project «Who Does Not Become a Terrorist, and Why?: Towards an Empirically Grounded Understanding of Individual Motivation in Terrorism». The project consortium consists of leading international scholars who have interviewed 10 participants from different ideological movements from various parts of the world. The project is partially funded by the US Department of Defense through The Minerva Research Initiative. The plan is to publish the project as an anthology in the end; the contribution to the project so far has been published as a working paper (see below).
Bjørgo and Gjelsvik interviewed 10 former or present right-wing extremists and members from anti-Islam movements in Norway. In their chapter «Right-Wing Extremists and anti-Islam Activists in Norway: Constraints against Violence» they sketch out the various factors that constrain from violence – from moral values to seeing violence as being contra-productive in furthering their cause. Based on the cases from the various countries the study will analyze the factors that prevent radicalized individuals from becoming terrorists from a comparative perspective. There has recently been much research on why and how individuals become radicalized, but we know far less about why and how radicalized individuals stop their process of engagement before they get involved in violent activities. Developing better knowledge about these processes of early disengagement may provide important keys for more effective policies to prevent radicalization into terrorism and violent extremism.
Ultimately, this project hopes to contribute to theory building in the fields of radicalization, deradicalization and counter-radicalization by looking into the neglected phenomenon of interrupted radicalization, and to what extent prevention efforts have worked in these cases.
Bjørgo, T. & Gjelsvik, I. M. (2017). Right-Wing extremists and anti-Islam activists in Norway: Constraints against violence (C-REX Working Paper Series no. 3/2017). Oslo: C-REX.