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Nye artikler om transnasjonalt politiarbeid og forebygging av terror

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NYE ARTIKLER: Helene I. O. Gundhus og Tore Bjørgo med nye artikler
Helene I. O. Gundhus og Tore Bjørgo med nye artikler.

Transnasjonalt politiarbeid

Helene I. O. Gundhus har skrevet artikkelen «A Divided Fraternity. Transnational Police Cultures, Proximity, and Loyalty» sammen med Katja Franko, og den er publisert i «European Journal of Policing Studies» Denne utgaven er et temanummer med navn «Policing, Boundaries and the State» der Helene har vært gjesteredaktør sammen med Chris Giacomantonio, samt forfattet forordet.  Vi gratulerer Helene med publisering og innsats!

Artikkelen er basert på intervjuer med politifolk som har deltatt i Frontex-operasjoner og ser på hvilken betydning sosial og kulturell nærhet har i transnasjonalt politiarbeid, samt hvilken betydning dette har for forståelser av politilojalitet og ansvarlighet

Sammendrag:

Based on extensive interviews with officers participating in the operations of the EU external border control agency, Frontex, the article examines the nature of police culture and, in particular, the role of social and cultural proximity in transnational policing and its implications for our understanding of police loyalty and accountability. Precisely the possibility of proximity, of being «where the action is» and developing personal bonds and networks, is what makes this type of work attractive to the officers and is an important motivational driving force behind the agency’s dynamic expansion. The findings therefore support the orthodox accounts of police culture, which stress the importance of physical action, excitement and informal connections, rather than legal regulatory frameworks and formal and technological connections. However, by examining Frontex through the social dimensions of proximity, the article also brings attention to important internal divisions, cultural differences and divided loyalties within what might at first appear as a unitary culture of transnational policing. This is important for understanding the dynamics of closure, insularity and lack of accountability which has been a defining and problematic feature of transnational policing. The article concludes by discussing the implications of the empirical findings for bringing into light previously unexamined potential for greater openness and for improving the democratic ethos within the field.

Artikkelen er dessverre ikke tilgjengelig i PIA, men finnes tilgjengelig HER om du er på PHS sitt nettverk.

Forebygging av terror

Ny artikkel fra Tore Bjørgo ser forebygging av terror i et helhetlig perspektiv. Bjørgo har fått artikkelen: «Counter-terrorism as crime prevention: a holistic approach» på trykk i tidsskriftet «Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression».

Vi gratulerer Tore med publiseringen! Artikkelen er dessverre ikke tilgjengelig gjennom våre databaser i fulltekst, men ta kontakt om du ønsker at vi bestiller den inn til deg.

Sammendrag:

Within democratic societies, counter-terrorism is almost exclusively about crime prevention. A broad and holistic approach to preventing terrorism can be based on nine preventive mechanisms: building normative barriers against terrorism, reducing radicalisation and recruitment, deterrence, disruption, incapacitation, protecting vulnerable targets, reducing benefits to terrorists, reducing harm, and facilitating disengagement from terrorism. Counter-terrorist policies which are only based on a narrow range of repressive mechanisms and military measures tend to become overly heavy-handed, producing serious negative side effects which serve to enhance the problem rather than reducing it. A more holistic approach, making use of the entire range of preventive mechanisms, may lighten the impact of the “hard” measures by relying more on the impact of the «softer» and more positive measures to build moral barriers, reduce recruitment, and facilitate exit from terrorist movements.

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