The knowledge base provides a number of examples of how Tore Bjørgo’s holistic model of crime prevention can be applied to diverse forms of crime.
Hopefully, this knowledge base will gradually develop into a useful resource for practitioners, students and policymakers as more cases are added to the base.
The holistic model for preventing crime is based on nine prevention mechanisms:
- Establishing and maintaining normative barriers to committing criminal acts
- Reducing recruitment to criminal activities and groups
- Deterrence by the threat of negative consequences.
- Disruption by stopping criminal acts before they are carried out
- Incapacitation by denying perpetrators the ability to carry out new criminal acts
- Protecting vulnerable targets by reducing opportunities for crime
- Reducing the rewards from criminal acts
- Reducing the harmful consequences of criminal acts
- Desistance and rehabilitation of people who have been involved in crime
In Tore Bjørgo ’s books Preventing Crime, Forebygging av kriminalitet and Strategies for Preventing Terrorism, this general model is applied to five very diverse forms of crime: Domestic burglary, criminal youth gangs, organised crime based on outlaw MC clubs, drunk driving, and terrorism. In principle, the model can be applied to almost any forms of crime.
The generic model provides a good analytic framework for students, scholars and other analysts to write thesis, research papers or strategic analysis on how to reduce specific crime problems. This web-page will offer students and researchers an opportunity to present their works. The hope is that this can become a growing knowledge-base for how to prevent a broad variety of crime forms.
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